Irregular and painful periods can have some specific causes. For instance, fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly estrogen and progesterone, can affect the regularity and intensity of menstrual cycles. Hormonal imbalances can be caused by many factors such as stress, excessive exercise, significant weight loss or gain, thyroid disorders, or certain medications.
Uterine fibroids can also cause heavy, painful periods and irregular bleeding. There can also be diseases such as endometriosis, which happens when the tissue lining the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus, thus usually affecting the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the pelvic area. It often leads to painful periods, heavy bleeding, and irregular cycles.
There can also be infections which result in pelvic pain, irregular bleeding, and painful periods. Moreover, cysts that develop on the ovaries can sometimes cause irregular periods and pelvic pain.
And, of course, stress and lifestyle factors, poor diet, lack of exercise, and insufficient sleep can all contribute to hormonal imbalances, which may affect menstrual regularity and intensity.
Overall, it is essential to remember that each person is unique, and, therefore, the causes of irregular and painful periods can vary. If you are dealing with such symptoms, it is best to consult a uterine artery embolization Kansas City professional for a proper evaluation and diagnosis.